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Tuesday, October 12

Friday, December 19

  1. page Literature edited ... He devoted more than 30 years to compose his masterpiece of Shahnameh, which is the most popul…
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    He devoted more than 30 years to compose his masterpiece of Shahnameh, which is the most popular and influential of the Iranian national epics. Shahnameh or the "Epic of Kings" or "Book of Kings", consists of the translation of an even older Pahlavi (Middle Persian) work. It is still one of the most popular books among Persians after more than one thousand year. In Shahnameh the pre-Islamic history of old Persia before the Arab conquest of the region has been described through classic tales which starts from 7000 years ago by telling the story of old Persian Kings, the mystical and historical past of Iran up until the Arabs invasion of Iran in the 7th century.
    http://www.payvand.com/news/07/may/1198.html
    The Story of Rostam and Sohrab
    The tragedy of Rostam and Sohrab from the Persian epic Shahnameh tells the tragic story of the heroes Rostam and his son, Sohrab. It all starts out with Rostam hunting in near Turan close to the city of Samengan. While he is napping, seven knights of Turan discover Rakhsh and decide to steal him. The horse kills two, but is taken by the others.
    When Rostam wakes up, he discovers his horse is missing. He follows the hoof prints to the city of Samengan. The King and the nobles meet him and ask him why he's on foot. He tells them what happened. The King of Samengan asks Rostam to stay with him until he finds his horse. Rostam stays with the king and that night, Tahmineh, daughter of the King comes to his bedroom and swears her love for him. Rostam sleeps with her and gives her a "clasp which he wore on his upper arm" (pg. 189) and tells her to give it to her child to wear it so that he can be recognized as his son.
    The next day Rostam finds his horse, thanks the king, and leaves.
    Nine months later, Tahmineh has a son, whom she names Sohrab. When he is one month old, he looks like a one-year-old. Later, Sohrab demands his mother tell him who his father is. She shows him a letter that Rostam sent and tells him that Afrasyab, the king, must know nothing of it, and if Rostam hears how he's grown, he'd summon him to his court and her heart would break. The son wants the world to know who he is, and demands to fight with Afrasyab on the march to Turan and seize the throne.
    But Sohrab decides to lead the Turks to conquer Iran and dethrone Kai Kawous instead so he can make Rostam King, and himself the king of Turan. He chooses the foal of Rakhsh to ride. He gathers an army and travels forth. Afrasiyab learns of Sohrab's plans to go to Iran and likes the idea. He tells Hooman and Barman, two of his advisers, to join Sohrab. He tells them that Rostam and Sohrab should never identify each other, because he has a plan that depends on the mutual knowledge deficit, Because if Sohrab kills Rostam, they can conquer Iran, then kill Sohrab and control the world; on the contrary, if Rostam kills Sohrab, he will die of grief when he learns what he has done. Afrasiyab then sends them with gifts and a letter pledging his support.
    Sohrab leads his army to the White Castle in Iran. Hujir, guardian of the castle, sees the army come and goes to meet them. Sohrab challenges him to fight, overcomes him and binds him. Gurdafrid, daughter of Hujir, trained in warfare, puts on armor, goes forth to Sohrab's army and challenges to single combat, to which Sohrab accepts. They fight and Sohrab removes her helmet and discovers she's a woman. She says to marry her and he will have the castle. He agrees, but she enters the castle and locks the door behind her. Gustahem, Hujir’s advisor, writes a letter to Kai Kawous telling him of the situation. The next day, Sohrab advances on the castle, but it is empty because everyone had left through a hidden passage.
    Kai Kawous receives the letter and sends a letter to Rostam asking for his help. He tells a messenger, Geew, to travel quickly there and back. Rostam receives Geew, but does not believe that anyone is as strong as him. He convinces Geew to stay with him for three days. On the fourth day Geew says it's time to go so Rostam gathers his army and together they travel to the king. The king is angry at the delay and orders Rostam and Geew killed. Rostam tells the king he will not help and leaves. The nobles , after convincing the king not to kill Rostam, find him and convince him to fight. Rostam returns to the king and the next day, the army travels to the white castle.
    Rostam sneaks into the castle to see Sohrab. Zindeh, brother of Tahmineh, whom she had sent to identify Rostam for Sohrab, sees Rostam and asks him who he is. Rostam kills Zindeh. Sohrab takes Hujir to the top of the castle and asks him whom various tents in the Iranian camp belong to. Hujir tells him all except for the tent of Rostam because he is afraid he would seek to kill Rostam. Sohrab asks him where the tent of Rostam is; he tells him that Rostam is not there. Sohrab tells him that he will kill him if he does not tell him where Rostam's tent is. Hujir refuses to tell, because the boy might kill Rostam, and Iran is more important than his life, so Sohrab kills him.
    Sohrab rides to the camp and challenges the king, or shah. The nobles send Rostam to fight. Rostam tells Sohrab not to fight. Sohrab asks him if he is Rostam. Rostam tells Sohrab that he is just a slave, so that Sohrab will be afraid that there are great warriors in the camp, having viewed Rostam as a mere slave. They fight until their swords are broken and their horses are exhausted, and wrestle until they are tired. They rest, and fight some more. Sohrab hits Rostam with a club and hurts him, and Rostam tells him he cannot fight a youth. They separate and kill many men of their opposing armies. Rostam challenges Sohrab again; they agree to fight the next day. Hooman tells Sohrab that the man he has been fighting does not look like Rostam, but Sohrab is not convinced.
    The next day, Sohrab asks Rostam if he is Rostam. Rostam does not answer. They fight until night. Sohrab throws Rostam to the ground, and is about to decapitate him but Rostam tells him that law of war dictates that he should let him go the first time. Sohrab lets him go. Hooman feigns that Rostam lied. They fight again the next day, and Rostam throws Sohrab to the ground and breaks his back. Sohrab tells Rostam that Rostam, his father, will avenge his death. Rostam asks him for a token, and Sohrab shows him the onyx.
    Rostam sends a message to Hooman, asking him to go home, and declaring that he will go to war no more. Rostam asks Goodarz to go to Kai Kawous to ask him for his healing balm. Kai Kawous is angry with Rostam again and refuses to give the balm. He leaves, but is overtaken by a messenger and told that his son is dead.
    Rostam burns his armor. He goes home and builds Sohrab a golden tomb. News of Sohrab's death comes to Turan. Tahmineh burns Sohrab's house, gives his money to the poor, and dies of grief.
    This relates to the book extremely well since it reflects on Sohrab’s tragedy in the Kite Runner

    The Story of Rostram and Sohrab
    Information Here
    (view changes)
    4:25 am
  2. msg Hello group message posted Hello group the wiki looks great rachel u should of emailed me i would have done some of the relation to the te…
    Hello group
    the wiki looks great rachel u should of emailed me i would have done some of the relation to the text
    i feel so bad u did so much
    4:20 am
  3. page Immigration edited ... What are some of the hardships that people endure when adjusting to America from Afghanistan? …
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    What are some of the hardships that people endure when adjusting to America from Afghanistan?
    Afghan refugees arriving in the United States are often shocked to find that they will not be living the American dream. Often, they arrive here not by choice, but rather by necessity, fleeing the wars of Afghanistan. Many, who were once middle- or high-class professionals in Afghanistan, have trouble finding work in the United States. They often lack in savings, social support, and ability to express them selves well in the English language. Afghans often feel alienated and this weakens their efforts for succeeding, though they are grateful to be in America, they still feel as though they are strangers.
    ...
    form's instructions.” {khattak_dance.jpg}
    Many Afghan Americans prefer not assimilate to the American society, but rather integrate. For Afghan it is important to be able to support their family and achieve at least some stability, while keeping all their cultural, religious, and traditional beliefs. They often live in communities with other Afghans because this is more familiar and makes the transition to American culture a little more bearable. They are often forced to settle in more violent and less expensive neighborhoods than they are accustomed too because of anti-immigrant feelings elsewhere.
    Afghan Americans have made terrific progress since they began their immigration to America. They had to overcome many obstacles before they were able to immigrate here and achieve at least some success. Strong family ties brought them here, and even through financial stresses and other shortcomings, they have stayed strong, and they have kept, without alteration, their cultural and religious traditions.
    (view changes)
    3:42 am
  4. 3:39 am

Thursday, December 18

  1. page Orphans edited ... Thanks to people like Gustavson, orphans can experience a less harsh time than expected. RAWA,…
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    Thanks to people like Gustavson, orphans can experience a less harsh time than expected. RAWA, or Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan, has 5 orphanages in Afghanistan. They have been able to raise thousands of dollars to help kids out all over Afghanistan, and to improve their life without their parents.
    Kite Runner
    ...
    back to thier homea new country. Through
    Afghanistan child is to become a guardian for the child, but because of the strict Islamic laws it is almost impossible for foreigners to adopt children from Afghanistan.
    ...
    lives. When AfghanistanKabul is taken
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    by the Taliban,Shorawi, Baba and
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    real life, BabasBaba's and AmirsAmir's conditions when
    ...
    Afghanistan too. {W40005.jpg}
    .
    (view changes)
    8:55 pm
  2. page Orphans edited ... {_1616214_orphans_sch_kabul_ap150.jpg} Where are orphan and refugee camps located in Pakista…
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    {_1616214_orphans_sch_kabul_ap150.jpg}
    Where are orphan and refugee camps located in Pakistan and Afghanistan? http://www.arcrelief.org
    ...
    these children. Refugee camps are often unofficial and are not alway controlled by the country, however these camps often get supplies and aid from orginizations such as Red Cross. Refugee camps are often located near borders and major transportational routes due to the fact that people often flee countries that may have social, poltical, and economic problems among others for countries that may be better situated.
    Below are some specific orphanages in both Afghistan and Pakistan
    Karachi
    ...
    What have been the experiences in such camps?
    About 9 years ago, an American woman went to an Afghanistan orphanage in Hazarajat. She said that she was uncomfortable during her meals because of the food situation there. More than 250,000 children were dying every year of malnutrition in Afghanistan. Due to more than 10 million land mines if Afghanistan, it is estimated that every three hours, a child is blown up. {http://farm1.static.flickr.com/123/385525382_426a466f0c_o.jpg} Those who survive the land mines are a burden on the orphanage due to the extensive care necessary to keep the child alive. Since there isn't enough money for food and medical services, due to the war, children are sometimes left in fatal conditions, malnourished, and emotionally crippled from the loss of their family, and the life they knew before.
    A very upsetting thing for the Afghanistan orphans, is that they will have to grow up, never knowing who they parents were. There is still a possibility for the parents to be found, but most have died or moved to another location. Another problem standing in their way is that it can be costly to try and find someone that might be around the world. It is a terrible feeling to have to grow up, and not have a mother, a father, or any blood relative. But some children are lucky. Their parents come back for them or they have a brother or sister with them. But that is about the best luck they could have.
    A
    woman by
    ...
    so that theyother orphans didn't have
    ...
    the conditions that she did.had to. Today, she
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    PARSA, or the Physiotherapy and
    Thanks to people like Gustavson, orphans can experience a less harsh time than expected. RAWA, or Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan, has 5 orphanages in Afghanistan. They have been able to raise thousands of dollars to help kids out all over Afghanistan, and to improve their life without their parents.
    Kite Runner
    (view changes)
    8:46 pm
  3. page Orphans edited ... {_1616214_orphans_sch_kabul_ap150.jpg} Where are orphan and refugee camps located in Pakista…
    ...
    {_1616214_orphans_sch_kabul_ap150.jpg}
    Where are orphan and refugee camps located in Pakistan and Afghanistan? http://www.arcrelief.org
    ...
    these children. Refugee camps are often unofficial and are not alway controlled by the country, however these camps often get supplies and aid from orginizations such as Red Cross. Refugee camps are often located near borders and major transportational routes due to the fact that people often flee countries that may have social, poltical, and economic problems among others for countries that may be better situated.
    Below are some specific orphanages in both Afghistan and Pakistan
    Karachi
    (view changes)
    8:45 pm
  4. page Orphans edited ... There are about 12 million refugees that are in need of a home. Nobody wants to suddenly leave…
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    There are about 12 million refugees that are in need of a home. Nobody wants to suddenly leave their home because of a war or conflict in their country. Orphans are also without a home. Until an orphan can be adopted, they are living in a home with many other orphans. Babies who are waiting to be adopted must pass several health tests before they are allowed to leave the orphanage. The mothers who want to adopt them must visit the child every day for one week so that the orphanage can tell whether or not the mother knows how to take care of her new child. If a country is in war or is not in good shape, the orphanages have a hard time proving if the child is an orphan or not, so parents who would like to adopt a child could be waiting up to two years before they would be allowed to adopt. Also, under Islamic law, the biological parents will always be considered the child's parents. Adoptive parents are reminded in the Qur'an that they will never be their adopted child's true relatives.
    What have been the experiences in such camps?
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    blown up. {http://farm1.static.flickr.com/123/385525382_426a466f0c_o.jpg} Those who
    ...
    for Afghanistan. {http://www.rawa.org/tours/orph_picnic3.jpg} Picnic of RAWA orphanages After Gustavson
    Thanks to people like Gustavson, orphans can experience a less harsh time than expected. RAWA, or Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan, has 5 orphanages in Afghanistan. They have been able to raise thousands of dollars to help kids out all over Afghanistan, and to improve their life without their parents.
    Kite Runner
    (view changes)
    8:35 pm
  5. page Orphans edited ... About 9 years ago, an American woman went to an Afghanistan orphanage in Hazarajat. She said t…
    ...
    About 9 years ago, an American woman went to an Afghanistan orphanage in Hazarajat. She said that she was uncomfortable during her meals because of the food situation there. More than 250,000 children were dying every year of malnutrition in Afghanistan. Due to more than 10 million land mines if Afghanistan, it is estimated that every three hours, a child is blown up. Those who survive the land mines are a burden on the orphanage due to the extensive care necessary to keep the child alive. Since there isn't enough money for food and medical services, due to the war, children are sometimes left in fatal conditions, malnourished, and emotionally crippled from the loss of their family, and the life they knew before.
    A woman by the name of Marnie Gustavson was in an orphanage from 1964 to 1968. At the age of nine, she was unable to be taken with her father and mother when they were forced to leave the country, so she was left in a orphanage. She stayed there for four long years. She described her feelings as "there wasn't enough food..." and "the place was very dirty, and even a small cut could get you infected." She grew up a strong women, and after her time that she had to spend in that orphanage, she dedicated her life to fix orphanages everywhere, so that they didn't have to live with the conditions she did. Today, she is a social worker for PARSA, or Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Support for Afghanistan. After Gustavson helped orphanages in Alluhoddin, all she had to say was: "....we made a difference in Alluhoddin....you wouldn't recognize the place...kids are clean and have uniforms, TVs in every room. brand new kitchens...and toilets that work.
    ...
    without their parents.Kiteparents.
    Kite
    Runner
    In the book, on page 251 Farid and Amir find the new orphanage in Kabul looking for Sohrab, the son of Hassan. While doing our research we have learned that their are orphanages in Kabul are overcrowded with kids. These orphanages are overcrowded due to the fact that their parents abandoned them or that their parents were killed. In the book we learned that Sohrab was in an orphanage because his parents Hassan and Farzana were shot in the head and were killed. The orphanage that Sohrab was at had little food for the children and terrible conditions just like the orphanges in Kabul in real life. The orphanages in Kabul have little food for the children and have terrible conditions. Also in the text it was difficult for Amir, Sohrab's uncle, to adopt Sohrab and bring him back to America with him. In the book we learn that because of Afghanistan's laws and how terrible their country it is very unlikely to adopt an Afghanistan child and bring him or her back to thier home country. Through research we have discovered that the only way to adopt an
    Afghanistan child is to become a guardian for the child, but because of the strict Islamic laws it is almost impossible for foreigners to adopt children from Afghanistan.
    (view changes)
    8:32 pm

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