Topic Six: Orphans



Where are orphan and refugee camps located in Pakistan and Afghanistan?
Due to the large amount of orphans created by war there are many places in Afghanistan and Pakistan for these unfortunate children to go. Many of the orphanages were opened when large amounts of parents were killed both during The Soviet War in Afghanistan and the reign of the Taliban. Both of these major conflicts created thousands of orphans. Many Afghani orphans ended up in Pakistan and orphanages opened to help these people. Organizations such as RAWA and SOS Children’s Village along with hundreds of others have been able to house, educate and provide for these child

Below are some specific orphanages in both Afghistan and Pakistan

c/o Edhi Foundation
Rangila Street Boulton,
Market Mithadar,
Karachi 74000

Survey No. 8/3,
Stadium Road,
Karachi 74800

Fatima Zia Plaza Opposite Ayub Medical Complex Manshra Road, Abbottabad,

Ph: 92-992-500-885

Faisalabad Chak No. 198/R.B. Gatwala Post Office Gatwala District,

Ph: 92-41-875-1976
Ph: 92-41-875-2049

3rd Floor, 22/B, West Blue Area Hajvairy Mansion Building

Ph: 92-51-220-1125
Ph: 92-51-287-2340
Ph: 92-51-287-2057

153-Deh Mehran, Jinnah Avenue Behind Mukhtarkar's Office, Malir Halt
Karachi- 71500

Ph: 92-21-459-2202
Ph: 92-21-459-3035

Near Wapda Office Defence Colony, Khem Kirn Road, Kasur

Kuwait, UAE
P.O. Box. 22412, Safat, 13085, Kuwait
Ph: 0965-4832291
Ph: 0965-4849532

Ferozepur Road,
Lahore 54600

Ph: 92-42-586-6546
Ph: 92-42-585-4416
Ph: 92-42-583-9644
Ph: 92-42-585-2377

Ferozepur Road,
Lahore 54600

Ph: 92-42-585-6955
Ph: 92-42-585-2377

Industrial Estate, Sector No.01 Multan
Ph: 92-61-653-8480
Ph: 92-61-653-8481
Ph: 92-61-653-8482

Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Ph: 058810-42302-42252-42862

C/o Merck Marker 7–Jail Road, Quetta
Ph: 92-81–283-5649
Ph: 92-81–282-9956(57,60)
Ph: 92-81–282-6149

Opposite High Court, G. T. Road P. O. Box 1379,

Ph: 92-51-449-0510
Ph: 92-51-449-0511

49 Tail, Main Faisalabad Road, Near Board of Secondary Education
Ph: 92-48-321-2828
Ph: 92-48-322-2002

Ph: 92-451-322-4306

C/o Ali Trading Company (Pvt.) Ltd. Khadum Ali Road, Sialkot

5 Amir Khusro Road, "Mehvush" Overseas Co-op Housing Society, Block 7/8, Karachi, Pakistan
Bab-e-Ali, Al-Alamdar Building Opp. Lyari Railway Station
Mauripur Road Karachi,

How is one declared an orphan or a refugee?
After a disaster, there are many children who are left without parents. Although the parents could be dead, if there is no way to prove this then the children are not declared to be orphans. The adoption agencies say that the parents and children could have just been separated, and that the parents could be in another refugee camp or over the border. Also, the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service has a policy that the child cannot get a visa saying they are an orphan unless the child is clearly an orphan. This means that if there is any way that a parent could care for their child, then the child cannot be considered an orphan. If the parents were killed, or if they abandoned their kids, then the children are considered to be orphans. Refugees are people who either flee their country and home or are forced from them. War, civil conflict, and natural disaster are just a few examples of the reasons why refugees would flee their homes. Mostly the refugees are women and children because the men are either killed in battle or are forced to fight.

Under what conditions do orphans and refugees live?
2262.jpg AllaudinBoys1.jpg There are many different orphanages in
Afghanistan. One type of orphanage is RAWA orphanage. In RAWA orphanages the children wake up at 7 am to get ready for school. For breakfast they eat a cup of milk with brown bread and occasionally boiled eggs. The children at the orphanage go to the school provided by the RAWA. Lunchtime is varied due to the different times of school for the children. For dinner and lunch the children eat vegetables, white meat, and beans. At night the children take English language class. During the day the orphans are required to do physical activity such as football or badminton. In an orphanage in Kabul the conditions of this orphanage are overcrowded and unhealthy. There is no heat where the children sleep. The facilities are dirty and unhealthy. The lack of sanitation, poor hygiene, and unhealthy nutrition make poor conditions for the children. There isn’t proper clothing for the children. The schools in Kabul orphanages have been suffering. Children go to school for 4.5 hours a day and learn reading, writing, math, Dari the national language, biology, and history. There are sixty-five children to each classroom and the school is lacking resources. The majority of children end up at these orphanages because their parents or parent couldn’t provide for them; because of this the parents abandoned the children to the orphanages. In Afghanistan there is a camp called Shaedaia Camp. In this camp it is cold, there is disease and malnutrition that kill children who live at this camp. Children have been forced to eat grass. Also there is a camp called Maslakh Camp. In this camp the conditions are horrible. The sanitary conditions are hazardous. Children have to beg for food. The camp is over crowded, which makes food limited. The conditions that orphans and refugees live in are dangerous and unhealthy.
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How do they get out of such camps/orphanages?
Under Afghanistan’s laws, which are on the bases of Islamic religion, adoption is not allowed. There is no adoption under the law, it only permits guardianship and foreigners are not allowed to become a guardian over Afghanistan and Iraqi children. Because Afghanistan law is based on strict Islamic rule, it does not permit or allow adoption, only guardianship. maslakh.jpgIn Pakistan there are many different orphanages and foundations in Pakistan to help children. Such as the Edhi Foundation, Anjuman Kashana-e-Itfal-o-Naunehal, and SOS Children's Village of Pakistan. These foundations or orphanages give parentless children to childless couples. The Edhi Foundation requires a full medical checkup on the adoptive couples before allowing them to adopt a child. They do this to make sure the children are placed in good care. The Anjuman Kashana-e-Itfal-o-Naunehal orphanage makes sure a doctor checks each child before allowing the child to get adopted. At this orphanage they cautiously select the adoptive parents for the children to make the child have a easier time adjusting to the family. The SOS Children's Village of Pakistan orphanage gives the newborns to adoptive parents but does not allow the adoption of the older children.
How do the refugee's feel about fleeing their home country?

here are about 12 million refugees that are in need of a home. Nobody wants to suddenly leave their home because of a war or conflict in their country. Orphans are also without a home. Until an orphan can be adopted, they are living in a home with many other orphans. Babies who are waiting to be adopted must pass several health tests before they are allowed to leave the orphanage. The mothers who want to adopt them must visit the child every day for one week so that the orphanage can tell whether or not the mother knows how to take care of her new child. If a country is in war or is not in good shape, the orphanages have a hard time proving if the child is an orphan or not, so parents who would like to adopt a child could be waiting up to two years before they would be allowed to adopt. Also, under Islamic law, the biological parents will always be considered the child's parents. Adoptive parents are reminded in the Qur'an that they will never be their adopted child's true relatives.

What have been the experiences in such camps?

About 9 years ago, an American woman went to an Afghanistan orphanage in Hazarajat. She said that she was uncomfortable during her meals because of the food situation there. More than 250,000 children were dying every year of malnutrition in Afghanistan. Due to more than 10 million land mines if Afghanistan, it is estimated that every three hours, a child is blown up. external image 385525382_426a466f0c_o.jpgThose who survive the land mines are a burden on the orphanage due to the extensive care necessary to keep the child alive. Since there isn't enough money for food and medical services, due to the war, children are sometimes left in fatal conditions, malnourished, and emotionally crippled from the loss of their family, and the life they knew before.

A very upsetting thing for the Afghanistan orphans, is that they will have to grow up, never knowing who they parents were. There is still a possibility for the parents to be found, but most have died or moved to another location. Another problem standing in their way is that it can be costly to try and find someone that might be around the world. It is a terrible feeling to have to grow up, and not have a mother, a father, or any blood relative. But some children are lucky. Their parents come back for them or they have a brother or sister with them. But that is about the best luck they could have.

A woman by the name of Marnie Gustavson was in an orphanage from 1964 to 1968. At the age of nine, she was unable to be taken with her father and mother when they were forced to leave the country, so she was left in a orphanage. She stayed there for four long years. She described her feelings as "there wasn't enough food..." and "the place was very dirty, and even a small cut could get you infected." She grew up a strong women, and after her time that she had to spend in that orphanage, she dedicated her life to fix orphanages everywhere, so that other orphans didn't have to live with the conditions that she had to. Today, she is a social worker for PARSA, or the Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Support for Afghanistan.
Picnic of RAWA orphanages
Picnic of RAWA orphanages
After Gustavson helped orphanages in Alluhoddin, all she had to say was: "....we made a difference in wouldn't recognize the are clean and have uniforms, TVs in every room. brand new kitchens...and toilets that work.

Thanks to people like Gustavson, orphans can experience a less harsh time than expected. RAWA, or Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan, has 5 orphanages in Afghanistan. They have been able to raise thousands of dollars to help kids out all over Afghanistan, and to improve their life without their parents.

Kite Runner

In the book, on page 251 Farid and Amir find the new orphanage in Kabul looking for Sohrab, the son of Hassan. While doing our research we have learned that their are orphanages in Kabul are overcrowded with kids. These orphanages are overcrowded due to the fact that their parents abandoned them or that their parents were killed. In the book we learned that Sohrab was in an or
phanage because his parents Hassan and Farzana were shot in the head and were killed. The orphanage that Sohrab was at had little food for the children and terrible conditions just like the orphanges in Kabul in real life. The orphanages in Kabul have little food for the children and have terrible conditions. Also in the text it was difficult for Amir, Sohrab's uncle, to adopt Sohrab and bring him back to America with him. In the book we learn that because of Afghanistan's laws and how terrible their country it is very unlikely to adopt an Afghanistan child and bring him or her back to a new country. Through research we have discovered that the only way to adopt an
Afghanistan child is to become a guardian for the child, but because of the strict Islamic laws it i
s almost impossible for foreigners to adopt children from Afghanistan.

Also in the book, Amir and Baba are refugees for a part of their lives. When Kabul is taken over by the Shorawi, Baba and Amir decide to go to America, but first they go to Pakistan. During this time Baba and Amir are refugees fleeing from their country. They have to travel undercover with a group of refugees. Like we have learned is true in real life, Baba's and Amir's conditions when fleeing Afghanistan were not good. They had to be crammed inside the back of a car with many people. A soldier who was letting them escape demanded pay, but in the end the group got away. In real life refugees are fleeing their countries all the time, and what happened to Amir and Baba could happen to a real family living in Afghanistan too.